Actually a number for data gathered 3 weeks ago, but reported yesterday. Mostly rehires, and the actual number of rehires was much higher than that 4.8 million. More like 12 million people have jobs that didn't a month earlier, and 7.5 million other people that don't have jobs that did. 2.9 million of the people with new job losses consider those to be permanent. Back in March, fewer people considered their job loss to be permanent rather than a temporary layoff , even though it turned out to be permanent for many of them. Given the slow down/reversal of re-opening in some areas, it will be interesting to see how this goes in future.