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USPA reminder to instructors

 


Premier PhreeZone  (D License)
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Jun 30, 2011, 11:58 AM
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USPA reminder to instructors Can't Post

From this months email to instructors:

Put a Stop to Tandem Close Calls
USPA has recently received reports of several tandem incidents that could have easily ended in fatalities for both students and instructors. Luckily, the tandem pairs narrowly averted disaster:

  • An 85-year-old woman nearly slipped out of her poorly adjusted tandem harness after the instructor deployed the main canopy. It was originally reported that she had been saved in part due to a Y-mod on the tandem student harness. However, it was later discovered that this tandem harness did not have a Y-mod and that she nearly slipped through the back of the harness past the lateral back strap.
  • A tandem instructor exited a King Air with the student attached by only the lower harness connectors. Once in freefall, the tandem instructor was able to connect one of the shoulder attachments but not the other. The student and instructor landed uneventfully with the harness attached at three points.
  • Several tandem instructors and students suffered injuries ranging from minor to severe after a group of six tandems exited an aircraft just as a storm approached the airport. Most of the tandem pairs landed off the airport in strong and gusty winds, reported to be 35 mph with higher gusts. Hard landings occurred when the tandem canopies surged and collapsed while the tandem pairs attempted to land in the violent winds.

    In 2006, USPA and the Parachute Industry Association (PIA) released a joint statement in response to the second incident in a seven-month period in which a student came out of a tandem harness. The statement urges all tandem instructors and safety personnel to review the manufacturerĺs harness instructions. It also urges manufacturers to examine their respective systems to ensure that unusual opening attitudes, varying body sizes and shapes, and recommended instructor procedures all maintain student security within the harness, particularly during the opening sequence.

    Since that time, at least two tandem manufacturers have developed a Y-mod for their tandem harnesses. Strong Enterprises requires the modification, and United Parachute Technologies offers it as an option. The Y-mod connects the back of each leg strap to the center of the harness inside the back pad. This forms an upside-down Y shape (see photo). After the student harness is adjusted to factory requirements, the Y-mod should not have any tension.

    Tandem instructors must adhere to standard operating procedures for all phases of the tandem jump, including correctly harnessing each tandem student or declining to take a student who cannot be fitted safely into a tandem harness. The Y-mod is a crucial back-up that can help to save a student should the instructor fail to adjust the harness correctly. Because it is such a valuable back-up, it should be considered for every tandem student harness in use today. There have been thousands of uneventful tandem jumps performed since 2006 with the Y-mod harness. Correctly adjusted, the Y-mod has no effect on the tandem harness or any tandem procedures.

    Since 2006, FAA concerns with the potential for tandem student ejection remain. It is entirely conceivable that another student ejection could result in an immediate cessation of all tandem jumps for a period of time, restarting only with new FAA-mandated requirements. Instructors, fit and adjust the harness correctly every time; DZOs and rig owners, seriously consider adopting the Y-modification.

    Tandem instructors need to follow procedures and take precautions for all phases of a tandem skydive, from gearing up to landing. And drop zones should postpone jumping when threatening weather conditions appear. We must all work together to ensure the safety of our tandem students.


  • Liemberg  (Student)

    Jun 30, 2011, 12:22 PM
    Post #2 of 8 (1668 views)
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    Re: [PhreeZone] USPA reminder to instructors [In reply to] Can't Post

    Quote:
    We must all work together to ensure the safety of our tandem students.

    Amen. Getting them safely to the ground is the name of the game. If that means leaving them on the ground for the time being, so be it.


    matthewcline  (D 21585)

    Jul 2, 2011, 11:43 AM
    Post #3 of 8 (1491 views)
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    Re: [Liemberg] USPA reminder to instructors [In reply to] Can't Post

    In reply to:
    Quote:
    We must all work together to ensure the safety of our tandem students.

    Amen. Getting them safely to the ground is the name of the game. If that means leaving them on the ground for the time being, so be it.

    Just to make sure the point was read!

    Matt


    RIGGER  (D 7933)

    Jul 5, 2011, 2:18 AM
    Post #4 of 8 (1375 views)
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    Re: [Liemberg] USPA reminder to instructors [In reply to] Can't Post

    Smile Hi

    Quote:

    We must all work together to ensure the safety of our tandem students
    Quote:

    That starts from Harnessing till Landing & out of the landing area including the WHOLE tandem jump process, including the camera flyer/s & any skydiver/s jumping with the tandem !

    Be Safe !!!


    RIGGER  (D 7933)

    Jul 7, 2011, 11:05 PM
    Post #5 of 8 (1194 views)
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    Re: [PhreeZone] USPA reminder to instructors [In reply to] Can't Post

    Smile Hi

    The "Y" mod. / Butts Strap Retrofit Modifcation DOES NOT replace good harness fitting !!!

    The "Y" mod. migth assist in some cases or if you have a hardware / webbing slippage issue & that happened.

    All goes to training, education & the willing to do the work as it should be done.

    A tandem jump is not an extreame activity even it might looks like that, it might be that way for the first time jumper for being different from daily life BUT for the TI it MUST be the way he/she was trained = No Games, NO Free Fly & No Head Down - it is a Pure Commercial Aviation Activity with "Public Safety" first & that's the way it should be handled.

    The only persons that can keep the tandem market moving on & not be history are the T I/E's, TI's, DZO's & Riggers. (Tandem systems care & Tandem Mfg. Approved canopies)

    The Tandem Mfg. / National Org. must be more active by pulling ratings & keep the Non/Low Pro on the ground.

    Tandem jumps are NOT FUN jumps for skydivers acting as TI's on duty or for the camera flyer - TI's have the passenger life in their hands - do not "play" with that even you think your are doing a favor & giving a great time to the passenger - he/she just want to be back SAFE & HAPPY !!!

    Please give the passengers great time by being PRO = SAFE, CARE & KIND.

    Think about it !!!

    Any Comments ???

    Be Safe !!!

    Shlomo Pearl
    UPT/USPA T I/E


    (This post was edited by RIGGER on Jul 8, 2011, 3:33 AM)


    matthewcline  (D 21585)

    Jul 8, 2011, 8:41 AM
    Post #6 of 8 (1152 views)
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    Re: [RIGGER] USPA reminder to instructors [In reply to] Can't Post

    In reply to:
    Smile Hi

    The "Y" mod. / Butts Strap Retrofit Modifcation DOES NOT replace good harness fitting !!!

    The "Y" mod. migth assist in some cases or if you have a hardware / webbing slippage issue & that happened.

    All goes to training, education & the willing to do the work as it should be done.

    A tandem jump is not an extreame activity even it might looks like that, it might be that way for the first time jumper for being different from daily life BUT for the TI it MUST be the way he/she was trained = No Games, NO Free Fly & No Head Down - it is a Pure Commercial Aviation Activity with "Public Safety" first & that's the way it should be handled.

    The only persons that can keep the tandem market moving on & not be history are the T I/E's, TI's, DZO's & Riggers. (Tandem systems care & Tandem Mfg. Approved canopies)

    The Tandem Mfg. / National Org. must be more active by pulling ratings & keep the Non/Low Pro on the ground.

    Tandem jumps are NOT FUN jumps for skydivers acting as TI's on duty or for the camera flyer - TI's have the passenger life in their hands - do not "play" with that even you think your are doing a favor & giving a great time to the passenger - he/she just want to be back SAFE & HAPPY !!!

    Please give the passengers great time by being PRO = SAFE, CARE & KIND.

    Think about it !!!

    Any Comments ???

    Be Safe !!!

    Shlomo Pearl
    UPT/USPA T I/E


    livendive  (D 21415)

    Jul 8, 2011, 11:19 AM
    Post #7 of 8 (1122 views)
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    Re: [PhreeZone] USPA reminder to instructors [In reply to] Can't Post

    In reply to:
    From this months email to instructors:

    Put a Stop to Tandem Close Calls
    USPA has recently received reports of several tandem incidents that could have easily ended in fatalities for both students and instructors. Luckily, the tandem pairs narrowly averted disaster:

  • An 85-year-old woman nearly slipped out of her poorly adjusted tandem harness after the instructor deployed the main canopy. It was originally reported that she had been saved in part due to a Y-mod on the tandem student harness. However, it was later discovered that this tandem harness did not have a Y-mod and that she nearly slipped through the back of the harness past the lateral back strap.
    . . .
    In 2006, USPA and the Parachute Industry Association (PIA) released a joint statement in response to the second incident in a seven-month period in which a student came out of a tandem harness. The statement urges all tandem instructors and safety personnel to review the manufacturerĺs harness instructions. It also urges manufacturers to examine their respective systems to ensure that unusual opening attitudes, varying body sizes and shapes, and recommended instructor procedures all maintain student security within the harness, particularly during the opening sequence.

    Since that time, at least two tandem manufacturers have developed a Y-mod for their tandem harnesses. Strong Enterprises requires the modification, and United Parachute Technologies offers it as an option. The Y-mod connects the back of each leg strap to the center of the harness inside the back pad. This forms an upside-down Y shape (see photo). After the student harness is adjusted to factory requirements, the Y-mod should not have any tension.

    Tandem instructors must adhere to standard operating procedures for all phases of the tandem jump, including correctly harnessing each tandem student or declining to take a student who cannot be fitted safely into a tandem harness. The Y-mod is a crucial back-up that can help to save a student should the instructor fail to adjust the harness correctly. Because it is such a valuable back-up, it should be considered for every tandem student harness in use today. There have been thousands of uneventful tandem jumps performed since 2006 with the Y-mod harness. Correctly adjusted, the Y-mod has no effect on the tandem harness or any tandem procedures.

    Since 2006, FAA concerns with the potential for tandem student ejection remain. It is entirely conceivable that another student ejection could result in an immediate cessation of all tandem jumps for a period of time, restarting only with new FAA-mandated requirements. Instructors, fit and adjust the harness correctly every time; DZOs and rig owners, seriously consider adopting the Y-modification.

    Tandem instructors need to follow procedures and take precautions for all phases of a tandem skydive, from gearing up to landing. And drop zones should postpone jumping when threatening weather conditions appear. We must all work together to ensure the safety of our tandem students.

  • I seem to notice a theme, and the Y-mod is ancillary to it. Fit your harnesses correctly folks, and the presence or lack of a Y-mod won't matter. There may have been thousands of Y-mod jumps without issue since 2006, but there have also been millions of jumps without the mod since then, also without issue. It may be an advisable backup, but the real key is to not need it.

    Blues,
    Dave


    feuergnom  (D License)

    Jul 11, 2011, 2:10 PM
    Post #8 of 8 (1073 views)
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    Re: [PhreeZone] USPA reminder to instructors [In reply to] Can't Post

    Quote:
    Since 2006, FAA concerns with the potential for tandem student ejection remain. It is entirely conceivable that another student ejection could result in an immediate cessation of all tandem jumps for a period of time, restarting only with new FAA-mandated requirements. Instructors, fit and adjust the harness correctly every time before bording the aircraft; DZOs and rig owners, seriously consider adopting the Y-modification.

    FIFY



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